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 崇文英语 - 7年级 2006-3期 Lesson Zone KeyPoints

动物趣谈:树袋熊koala


(湖北武汉 焦文渊 译注)

The Koala is a small marsupial that lives in eucalyptus (gum) trees in Australia. These nocturnal most active at night animals spend 18 to 20 hours each day resting and sleeping. They are social animals that live in territories.
Although sometimes known as the native bear, the koala is in fact no relation to the bear family.


The koala is up to 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 m) long, weighing 10-30 pounds (4.5-13.5 kg). The soft, woolly fur is light gray to brown, and has patches of white on the chest, neck and ears. This fur protects them from cold weather and rain.
Koalas are very fussy eaters, feeding almost exclusively on the leaves of a few species of eucalypt. Koalas seldom drink, as they obtain enough water from the diet of leaves.


您知道吗?树袋熊是澳大利亚最有代表性的一种有袋动物。(koala的名字起源于它的特殊行为,koala 是澳大利亚土族“不喝”的意思。也就是说 koala 除非生病,它是不喝水的,它身体所需的水分全部来自它吃的鞍树叶。)喜夜间活动的树袋熊每天睡眠近18-20小时。(这是因为要保持来自树叶中少的可怜的能量能维持它们的生存,所以您在动物园里看到的树袋熊通常都在睡觉。)树袋熊是群体动物,有自己的群体领地。

虽然人们有时认为树袋熊属于地地道道的熊类,但实际上它与熊科没什么关系。

树袋熊可以长到2-3英尺(0.6-0.9 米)长, 10-30磅(4.5-13.5 千克)重。树袋熊柔软的皮毛由浅灰色到棕色,在胸部、脖子和耳朵处间有白斑块出现。其可以保护它们免受寒冷天气、风吹雨淋。

树袋熊在食物方面非常挑剔,它几乎只以少数几种桉树的叶子为食。它很少喝水,因为从吃掉的叶子中就能获得足够的水分。


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