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 崇文英语 - 7年级 2006-5期 Lesson Zone KeyPoints

Unit 7 What does he look like?


(江苏东台 卢爱龙)

1. What does your friend look like?
 你的朋友长得什么样?
look like的意思是“看上去像……”,这里的like是介词,常与感官动词连用
,后接名词或代词的宾格形式。
【例如】:
The little girl looks like her father. 
小女孩看上去像她爸爸。
What does sb. look like? 用于提问人的长相、外貌,意为“他长得什么样?
”,句中的like是介词;What's sb. like? 用于提问人的性格、品质等,意为“
他是个什么样的人?”,句中like也是介词;而What does sb. like?用于提问
人的爱好,意为“他喜欢什么?”,句中的like是动词。试体会:
—What does Cathy look like? 
 卡西长得什么样?
—She's tall, and she has black hair.
 她个子很高,一头黑发。
—What's Ruth like? 
 鲁思是个什么样的人呢?
—She's quiet and a little shy. 
 她很文静,有点害羞。
—What does Paul like? 
 保罗喜欢什么?
—He likes English songs.
 他喜欢英文歌曲。
2. Do you know I have a new friend in Class Five? 你知道我在五班有个新
朋友吗?
句中的I have a new friend in Class Five是动词know的宾语。因为这是一个
完整的句子作宾语,我们将这个句子称为宾语从句。在使用宾语从句的时候要注
意:从句要使用陈述句语序。试体会:
  你知道我是一名英语老师吗?
Do you know am I an English teacher?
Do you know I am an English teacher?
3. She's good-looking but she's a little bit quiet. 她很漂亮,但是不喜
欢说话。
a little bit意思是“有一点儿”,用来修饰形容词或副词,作程度状语,相当
于a little或a bit。
【例如】:
His father is a little bit angry now.
他爸爸现在有点儿生气了。
a little与a bit在作定语时用法有所不同:a little后可以直接跟不可数名词
,而a bit后需加of, 再接不可数名词。
【例如】:
There is a little (a bit of) water in the cup.
杯子里还有点水。
4. Xu Qian loves to tell jokes.
 许倩喜欢讲笑话。
该句中的joke是名词,意为“笑话;玩笑”。 tell jokes或tell a joke意为“
讲笑话”;而play a joke on... 指“跟……开玩笑”。
【例如】:
Our English teacher loves telling us jokes in class.
我们的英语老师喜欢在课堂上给我们讲笑话。
Don't play a joke on that old man any more. It's impolite.
不要再跟那位老人开玩笑了。这太不礼貌了。
5. She never stops talking!
 她从不停止说话!
① never含有否定意义,表示“从不、决不”。它通常位于实义动词之前,be动
词、助动词之后。试体会:
  小女孩上课从不迟到。
The little girl never is late for class.
The little is never late for class. 
② stop用作动词,意思是“停止、终止”,常用于 stop doing sth. 和stop t
o do sth. 结构中。stop doing sth. 表示“停止做某事”,指停止现在正在做
的事情;stop to do sth. 表示“停下来去做某事”,意思是停止做这一件事,
然后去做另一件事。试体会:
The students stopped talking when they saw the teacher. 
当学生们看到老师时,他们停止讲话了。
The students stopped to talk when the teacher left.
当老师离开时,学生们停下来去讲话。
6. Do you remember Johnny Dean, the pop singer with funny glasses and
long curly hair? 你记得约翰尼·迪安,那位戴着有趣的眼镜,留着长卷发的流
行歌星吗?
该句中的the pop singer作Johnny Dean的同位语,起补充说明的作用。
【例如】:
Do you remember our English teacher, a tall man? 
你还记得我们的英语老师,一位高个儿男士吗?
with在此句中表示“戴着(眼镜)”,是介词。在该句中介词短语with funny gl
asses and long curly hair修饰名词singer,作状语用,表示singer的特征。
【例如】:
China is a great country with a long history.
中国是一个具有悠久历史的伟大国家。
7. I don't think he's so great.
 我觉得他没有那样棒。
这是一个含有宾语从句的复合句,需要注意:此句形式上否定了think, 但意义
上否定了think后面的从句内容,英语中把这种现象称为“否定转移”。另外,b
elieve (相信)、suppose (假定)等词也有与think相同的用法。试体会:
  我相信他说的话不是真的。
I believe what he said isn't true.
I don't believe what he said is true.

练一练:
A) 单项选择,选择最佳答案。
1. Paul is     his mother. He     reading, too.
 A. likes; likes  B. like; like
 C. likes; like  D. like; likes
2. — Can I talk to you for a minute, Brian?
 — Sure. I have     time.
 A. bit B. a bit C. a little D. little
3. The young man isn't good at     jokes.
 A. speaking  B. telling
 C. saying  D. talking
4. — What does Mary look like?
 —        
 A. She likes her mother.
 B. She has brown hair. 
 C. She likes watching TV.
 D. She is fine today.
5. You should stop     . It's bad for your health.
 A. smoking  B. to smoke
 C. smoke  D. to smoking
B) 按要求句型转换,每空一词。
1. The boy is tall and has short hair. (对划线部分提问)
         he        ?
2. I think she is very tall. (改为否定句)
 I         she     very tall.
3. The boy has long curly hair. The boy is my best friend. (合并为一句
)
 The boy     long curly hair is my best friend.
4. There is still a little milk in the glass. (改为同义句)
 There is still             milk in the glass.
5. I always go to school on foot. (改为否定句)
 I     go to school on foot.


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