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 崇文英语 - 7年级 2006-5期 Lesson Zone KeyPoints

Unit 8 I'd like some noodles.


(江苏南通 袁志军)

1. Hello! I'd like some noodles.
 你好!我想来点面条。

would like表示“想要;愿意”的意思,与want同义,但语气比want更加委婉,多用于口语中。would是情态动词,常和主语缩写为“'d”的形式。would like的常用搭配有:

① would like sth. 想要某物 
② would like to do sth. 想要做某事 
③ would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

Would you like... ?常用来委婉地征求对方的意见,后面可以接名词,也可以接动词不定式。肯定回答为Yes, please. 或I'd love to.; 否定回答为No, thanks.

【例如】:

— Would you like some coffee?
  你想来点咖啡吗?
— Yes, please. 是的。

2. Beef and tomato noodles, please.
 请上牛肉西红柿面。

beef and tomato是名词作定语,修饰名词noodles。通常作定语的名词不用复数,也不随主体名词的单复数的变化而变化。试体会:

There is an apple tree in front of the house.
房子前有棵苹果树。
There are apple trees in front of the house.
房子前有些苹果树。

但如果是man或woman作定语时,其单复数的变化应和主体名词单复数的变化一致。试体会:

  我们仍然需要一些女工。
We still need some woman workers.
We still need some women workers.

3. What size bowl of noodles would he like? 他要多大碗的面条呢?

size是名词,可以表示物品的大小、尺寸、号码等。What size ...? 常用来询问大小,意思是“多大的……”、“多大尺寸的”、“什么号码的”等。

【例如】:

The hall is five times the size of that classroom.
这个大礼堂的大小是那个教室的五倍。
—What size sweater would you like? 
 你想要多大号的毛衣?
—Size 6. 六号的。

4. — Can I help you? 您需要点什么?
 — I'd like some noodles, please.
  我想来些面条。

Can I help you? 多用于商店、酒店和餐馆等地的服务员与顾客打招呼,相当于What can I do for you?

【例如】:

— Can I help you? / What can I do for you?
  你想来点什么?
— I'd like some cakes, please.
  我想要些蛋糕。

5. I like dumplings, fish and orange juice. I don't like onions, green tea or porridge. 我喜欢饺子、鱼和桔子汁。我不喜欢洋葱、绿茶和稀饭。

上两句中的and和or都可用作连词,来连接并列成分,意为“和”。and一般用于肯定句,or用于疑问句和否定句。如果句中有三个或三个以成分时,and或or只连接最后两个词。

【例如】:

My brother likes English and Maths. 
我的哥哥喜欢英语和数学。
My brother doesn't like English or Math.
我的哥哥不喜欢英语和数学。
What would you like, apples, oranges or pears?
你想吃什么呢,苹果、桔子还是梨?

在否定句中,如果连接的两个词前都有否定词时,则用and, 而不用or连接。试体会:

  它没有胳膊,也没有腿。
 It has no arms or no legs.
It has no arms and no legs.
It has no arms or legs.

6. We also have orange juice and green tea. 我们还有桔子汁和绿茶。

also表示“也”,经常放在句中,位于行为动词之前,系动词be之后;如有助动词或情态动词,一般放在助动词或情态动词之后。试体会:

  我明天也将去那儿。
I will go also there tomorrow.
I will also go there tomorrow.

too表示“也”时,多用于口语,常置于句末;either表示“也”时,一般只用于否定句,且置于句末。

【例如】:

They want to go to the zoo, too. 
他们也想去动物园。
If you don't go there tomorrow, I won't, either. 
如果你明天不去那儿,我也将不去。

A) 按要求句型转换,每空一词。
1. I would like to see you soon. (改为否定句)
 I                     you soon.
2. I would like another orange. (改为一般疑问句)
            another orange?
3. Do you want to have a cup of tea? (改为同义句)
            to have a cup of tea?
4. Would you like some rice? (作肯定、否定回答)
 Yes,    . /    ,    .
5. There is a woman worker in that factory. (改为复数句)
 There               in that factory.
B) 汉译英,每空一词。
1. 在我家的屋后有三棵梨树。
There are three         behind my house.
2. — 你想要多少码的?
 — 38码。
 —         do you need?
 —     38.
3. — 你想买什么?
 — 一件上衣。
 —                ?
 — A coat.
4. 我不喜欢白色,也不喜欢红色。
 I don't like            .
5. 我明天不去看电影,我妹妹也不去。
I won't go to the cinema. My sister won't,    .


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