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 崇文英语 - 8年级 2006-3期 Lesson Zone GrammarExpress

Mr Will 畅销“将来”


(江苏兴化 余阳)

Hello, boys and girls! 我是Mr Will,还有一个助手shall。我们表示在将来某个时间里将要发生的动作或存在的状态。与我们连用的时间状语很多,常见的有: tomorrow, this afternoon / evening, next Monday / week / month, in 10 years, in the future等。你想和我一起畅想将来吗?那就随我来吧!

我的基本情况

我是助动词中的一员,没有人称和数的变化,适用于所有人称,我在句子中不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起合作,我身后的动词都用原形。

【例如】:

They will finish the work next month.
下个月他们将完成这项工作。

另外,还需注意:我的助手shall只能用于第一人称。遭到否定时,在will / shall后加not;遇到质疑时,则把will / shall提前。

【例如】:

I won't be careless from now on.
从现在起我不会再粗心大意了。
Shall we go to the park tomorrow?
我们明天去公园好吗?

熟知我的人常这样来概括我:

  动词一般将来时,表示将要发生事;
  谓语动词要记清,will(shall)加原形;
  变否定较简单,will(shall)之后not添;
  若变一般疑问句,will(shall)移句前。

我的同胞兄弟

“be going to+动词原形”同样表示将来,其用法略有不同,一般表示按计划或要求近期“打算、准备”做某事。例如:

I am going to see my grandfather tomorrow. 我打算明天去看望我的祖父。

提问时,要将be提到句首(与be作系动词的用法相同);否定时,要在be后加not。例如:

Are you going to visit the Great Wall next month? 下个月你打算去参观长城吗?
She isn't going to join the party this Saturday. 她不打算参加本周六的晚会。

人们常这样来概括我的同胞兄弟:

be going to+动词原形,一般口语多常见;
准备、计划或打算,be有人称和数的变化。
使用它,要注意,疑问形式be前提;
否定句,更简单,not放在be后边。

不可把“位移动词”go, come, leave, start等用于“be going to”结构中,而常用现在进行时形式表示按计划、安排即将发生的动作。例如:

Are you going by water or by air? 你们将乘船还是乘飞机去?

练一练

1. The boys are going to     in London next Sunday.

A. are    B. is   C. go   D. be

2. Daniel       here next week and will stay here for three days.

A. is coming   B. came   C. comes   D. will come

3. — Who      at the meeting?

  — Our English teacher is, I think.

A. will speaking   B. is going to speak

C. speaks       D. are going to speak

4. There       a football match on TV this afternoon.

A. is going to have      B. will be

C. is going to play      D. will play

5. I'm going shopping now. I       home soon.

A. returned       B. will be back

C. came back       D. going back

6. She's going to take her son to school. (改为否定句)

She                        her son to school.

7. I will bring you some food. (改为一般疑问句)

            bring me some food?

8. Where are you going next week? (改为同义句)

Where       you      next week?

Keys: 1-5 DABBB    6. isn't going to take     7. Will you     8. will, go


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