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 崇文英语 - 8年级 2006-3期 Lesson Zone TalkShow

巧向朋友提建议


(湖北武汉 吴桂华)

当你的朋友和室友发生矛盾时,你会怎么劝慰他 / 她呢?看看下面的对话。

Storyline: Martha doesn't like her roommate because she always makes loud noises. Roger suggests that Martha should have a heart-to-heart talk with her roommate, but Martha ...

Roger: So, how is your new roommate?
Martha: She really turns me off.
Roger: What happened?
Martha: She's always making loud noises at midnight and when I remind her, she always makes rude remarks.
Roger: Why don't you have a heart-to-heart chat with her?
Martha: I tried, but it didn't work.
Roger: But how many times did you try?
Martha: At least three times. I guess I'm going to complain to the manager. I hope she can be evicted.

下班时间到了,但是工作还没有完成,怎么解决?

Gail has been packing orders for a long time, but when it's time to get off work, she's still not finished ...


Neal: How many orders do we still need to pack, Gail? We've been packing all day.
Gail: We still have to do about ten more.
Neal: Well, I'm really tired from packing all of the stuff all day. And it's about time to clock out.
Gail: I know. (Gail heaves a sigh.) Maybe we can finish it tomorrow.
Neal: Why not! These orders are not urgent. We could do it first thing tomorrow morning.
Gail: All right. Let's call it quits and go home.
Neal: See, great minds think alike!


storyline: 故事情节
roommate: 室友
heart-to-heart: 坦诚的
turn sb. off: 使某人厌烦
make rude remarks: 说脏话
evict:逐出(租户)

pack orders: 包装订单
get off work: 下班
clock out: 打卡记录上班时间
urgent: 紧急的
call it quits: 就此结束
great minds think alike: 英雄所见略同

上面的两段对话分别用"Why don't you have a heart-to-heart chat with her?" 和 "We could do it first thing tomorrow morning." 提出了建议,而第二单元的语法重点也是学习用should和could来表达提建议,下面我们来归纳一下还可以用哪些方式提建议:
1) 用"Shall we ..." 表示建议或征求对方意见时,可用以Shall开头的一般疑问句。其肯定回答一般可用 All right; OK; Good idea等。 
2) 用"Let's ..." 表示“让我们 (包括双方在内) 做某事”这一建议时要用以Let's 开头的祈使句。而Let us在表示让我们做某事时, 不包括对方在内。如:

Let's go and see the pandas.
Let us go, will you?

3) 用"Why not ..."表建议,表示“为什么不……”时后接不带to的不定式(即动词原形)。"Why not...?"是省略了主语的省略形式,完整句为Why don't you / they / we ...? 如:

Why don't you try again? = Why not try again?

4) 用"What about..."表建议,意为“……怎么样”,后可接名词、代词和动名词。如:

What about going out for a walk? I'm going to the park. What about you?

5) 用"had better" 表建议,意为“最好”,“还是……好”,常用于口语,后接动词原形。如:

You had better stay at home. You'd better go now.

6) 用"Don't ..."来表示建议,通常用于祈使句的否定形式中。如:

Don't play in the street.

7) "Would you like ... " 这个句型的意思是“……怎么样”,后接sth.或to do sth. 如:

Would you like another cup of tea?

8) "Will you please ... " 的意思是“请你 …… 好吗”,后接动词原形。如:

Will you please pick it up?

用上面提到的句型来改写下面的句子。

      ① Why not go to the park?
                         go to the park?
   ② Why don't you meet a little earlier?
    Why              a little earlier?
   ③ Shall we go skating?
    What about       skating?
   ④ Shall we go to the cinema?
                  going to the cinema?
    

Keys: ① Why don't you ② not meet ③ going ④ What about


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